After Scotland votes No, a dominion is still joined – though uneasily so

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Greeting a outcome as one “that all of us via a United Kingdom will
respect”, Her Majesty said: “For many in Scotland
and elsewhere today, there will be clever feelings and resisting emotions
– among family, friends and neighbours. That, of course, is a inlet of
a clever approved tradition we suffer in this country. But we have no
doubt that these emotions will be gradual by an bargain of the
feelings of others.

“Now, as we pierce forward, we should remember that notwithstanding a operation of views
that have been expressed, we have in common an fast adore of Scotland,
that is one of a things that helps to combine us all.

“Knowing a people of Scotland as we do, we have no doubt that Scots, like
others via a United Kingdom, are means to demonstrate strongly-held
opinions before entrance together again. My family and we will do all we can to
assistance and support we in this critical task.”

The prolonged and mostly hostile campaign, in that domestic reputations have
risen and fallen, has cost Alex Salmond, who had led a plead for
independence, his domestic career.

On Friday, Mr Salmond
announced that he would be resigning as First Minister of Scotland
,
and would not be seeking a assignment for personality during a SNP’s party’s
discussion in November.

“For me as personality my time is scarcely over, though for Scotland a campaign
continues and a dream shall never die,” he said.

Speaking on a stairs of 10 Downing Street, Mr Cameron betrothed widespread
devolution opposite Great Britain, including votes on English issues by
English MPs during Westminster – a supposed West Lothian Question – more
powers to a Welsh Government and Assembly and efforts to safeguard that in
Northern Ireland “devolved institutions duty effectively”.

“We now have a chance, a good event to change a approach a British
people are governed, and change it for a better,” Mr Cameron said.

Any skeleton that bar MPs representing Scottish constituencies from voting on
English matters would be a deleterious blow to a Labour Party. There are 40
Scottish Labour MPs in Parliament.

Signalling that a cross-party accord to quarrel a Yes opinion had instantly
crumbled, and that normal hostilities had resumed, Labour immediately
deserted Mr Cameron’s proposals to secure English-only votes, observant they
would throw a skeleton if a celebration wins in 2015.

A Labour source said: “We are not in foster of Westminster-led, rushed
solutions to these issues.” Instead, Ed Miliband called for a array of
informal “dialogues” covering each area of a UK on how energy could be
diluted from Westminster – including in England. “Other people in Britain,
including England, now merit a possibility to figure their possess futures with a
energetic devolution settlement,” he said.

Quite how this destiny will be done promises to engage a protracted,
formidable and exhilarated debate. Mr Cameron pronounced that he had allocated Lord
Smith of Kelvin, who was obliged for Glasgow’s Commonwealth Games, to
manage a routine towards larger devolution commitments for Scotland,
with powers over tax, spending and gratification all to be concluded by November,
with breeze legislation to be published in January.

Mr Cameron added: “Just as a people of Scotland will have some-more energy over
their affairs, so it follows that a people of England, Wales and Northern
Ireland contingency have a bigger contend over theirs. It is positively right that a
new and satisfactory allotment for Scotland should be accompanied by a new and fair
allotment to all tools of a United Kingdom.”

Acknowledging that a West Lothian doubt compulsory “a wilful answer”, Mr
Cameron pronounced that usually as Scotland will opinion alone in a Scottish
Parliament on issues of tax, gratification and spending, so too England, as well
as Wales and Northern Ireland should be means to opinion on those issues. He
pronounced that he had allocated William Hague “to pull adult those plans”.

Another dire doubt will be a destiny of a Barnett formula, under
that Scotland receives around £1,600 some-more per conduct than a rest of the
Union, and that a 3 categorical celebration leaders this week betrothed to maintain.

Boris Johnson indicted Mr Cameron and other celebration leaders of creation a “reckless
promise” to contend stream levels of appropriation for Scotland and called for a
redrafting of a Barnett formula, observant that a “chaotic manner” in which
a opinion was won has “undermined a clever and volatile United Kingdom on
that we all depend”.

Speaking on LBC Radio, Mr Johnson said: “I’m really penetrating on a Barnett formula
that does probity to Barnet with one T [Barnet in north London].” The
offer to mislay Scottish MPs from English votes on tax, spending and
welfare, he said, would make Britain a radically opposite place and
presumably broach a biggest shake in complicated times. “Clearly it doesn’t
make any clarity during all to contend to a Scots they can have finish and entire
financial devolution, while permitting Scottish MPs to lay in Westminster and
opinion on these matters as they impact England. What’s salsa for a crow has
got to be salsa for a gander.”

Nigel Farage, a personality of a UK Independence Party, criticised a Prime
Minister for being “panicked” by a English question, and discharged plans
for a cabinet to demeanour into a conditions and called for “a constitutional
convention” to plead “how we emanate a fair, sovereign United Kingdom”.

Mr Farage added: ‘I consider England needs a voice – we’ve listened a lot from
Scotland. The tail can’t continue wagging a dog any longer.’

The referendum outcome was welcomed in a United States and opposite Europe. The
US president, Barack Obama, congratulated Scotland for a “passionate yet
peaceful” referendum, and pronounced he welcomed a preference to stay partial of the
United Kingdom.

Business leaders who had voiced concerns about a mercantile consequences of
autonomy also voiced their relief. Shares on a London batch market
rose after a result. The FTSE 100 share index was adult 0.27 per cent at
6,837.92.

Whatever uncertainties beckon, a referendum has been a delight for the
approved process. In annoy of a severity in a final weeks, voting
upheld off peacefully. Police Scotland pronounced poise had generally been
“excellent” in a shutting stages of a opinion with usually around half a dozen
arrests in propinquity to a referendum – mostly for “low level” offences such
as crack of a peace.

The audience of 84.5 per cent was a top for any choosing in a UK since
a introduction of concept voting in 1918, surpassing a 83.9 per cent
available in a 1950 ubiquitous choosing and dwarfing a tallies in recent
Westminster polls. The total, 3,619,915, will have enclosed many electorate who
had never expel their list before or had stayed divided from a polling
booths for many years. The check also noted a ancestral breakthrough by
permitting 16 and 17-year-olds to opinion in a inhabitant choosing – a precedent
that some Labour MPs have already called for to be steady in general
elections.

The outcome may, as Mr Cameron put it, have staid a doubt of
autonomy “for a generation”, though voting patterns advise it will
resurface with larger feverishness and passion, and maybe a opposite outcome. Of
those 16 and 17-year-olds given a vote, 71 per cent voted yes, while 73
per cent of those aged 65 or over voted No.

Alex Salmond pronounced he was unapproachable of a “remarkable response of all of the
people of Scotland who participated in this good inherent plead and
a demeanour in that they conducted themselves.” He added: “We now have the
event to reason Westminster’s feet to a glow on a “vow” that they
have done to devolve serve suggestive energy to Scotland.”

In Scotland a outcome will have left groups that will not be easy to heal.
More than 1.6 million Scots contingency now live in a domestic kinship they voted to
leave.

And what of a 41.4 million in a rest of Britain – 91 per cent of the
race – who, denied a vote, could usually demeanour on as Scotland deliberated
on a break-up of a United Kingdom. Many have found themselves harm and
faraway by a stridency of a Yes campaign, a atavistic tribalism, and
in some cases, exposed loathing destined towards a English.

The need now is for graciousness in defeat, magnaminity in victory.

Britain has been spared a agonise of pain and separation, a tortuous
unravelling of all a threads that combine us – administrative, military,
cultural, commercial, free – woven together so painstakingly over 307
years. The Kingdom stays united. But uneasily so.

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